(Las Vegas, NV) The annual gathering of the world’s top hackers, DEFCON, was a double-sided coin when it came to gender issues at the majority male event. At its best, this year’s DEFCON attracted more women, and more women appeared as contestants at DEFCON or DEFCON-related challenges, than ever before, according to many attendees. Jennifer Steffens, CEO of cybersecurity solutions provider IOActive, said that this year’s DEFCON was “one of the most inclusive events” for women she has attended in her many years of attendance. “Even men are calling it out.”
This year’s R00TZ events, aimed at teaching hacking skills to children between eight and 16 years old, appeared to have a 50/50 ratio when it came to gender, according to a female IT executive at DEFCON. DARPA’s Cyber Grand Challenge Final Event, which capped a groundbreaking initiative to test the idea of automated cyber reasoning systems, featured three teams with female members. And this year’s DEFCON featured a two-day Tiaracon to advance the careers of women in cybersecurity.
At its worst, however, DEFCON maintained what is a less-than-enlightened attitude toward women, highlighted by the oldest contest of the event, Hacker Jeopardy. During the 2016 Hacker Jeopardy contest, scantily clad females delivered drinks to the contestants (with one female server plopping a sex toy resembling a male sex organ on the speakers’ dais) while questions were posed about male sex organs.
In an ironic bit of justice, a women hacker who goes by the name Banaside, won the contest.
— Banasidhe (@banasidhe) August 7, 2016
— Hacker Fantastic (@hackerfantastic) August 7, 2016
But that didn’t really dampen the concerns among the hacking community.
Cool. A woman won hacker jeopardy. I guess we can pack it up, guys, sexism is officially defeated. ?
— aloria (@aloria) August 7, 2016
At #DefCon closing ceremony, Moss & others have apologized for various issues. I am waiting for a Hacker Jeopardy apology that will not come
— Elissa Shevinsky (@ElissaBeth) August 8, 2016
Just don't take your kids to Hacker Jeopardy… https://t.co/0908PgJOGa
— mr_me (@steventseeley) August 8, 2016
One of many reasons why I refuse to attend DefCon. The culture there is garbage and this BS is broken and damaging. https://t.co/n1IXRGVcVO
— Pwn All The Things (@pwnallthethings) August 6, 2016
One DEFCON attendee, Emily Maxima, was so perturbed by the event, she posted a piece on Medium entitled When Will DEFCON Stop Being A Massive Sexist Cringe-Fest? It wasn’t her first run-in with bad behavior at DEFCON and she pointed back to a 2012 piece by Valerie Aurora entitled DEFCON: Why conference harassment matters (written in a year when conference organizers agreed to fund a red/yellow card project involving cards to hand out at DEFCON if someone was saying or doing something inappropriate).
Yet even this year’s Hacker Jeopardy had another bright spot for women, aside from its female winner. Ten years ago, “they had actual strippers that got naked,” Steffens of IOActive said.
Steffens, who leads women’s cybersecurity networking events wherever she goes, makes a distinction between the cybersecurity industry and the hacking community.
“Security is a broader spectrum. Hacking is a very highly technical skill,” she said. The cybersecurity sector embraces a growing and much larger female workforce. But even in the hacker community “the culture is changing,” according to Steffens. She worries that too much focus on the “poor socialization skills” of some hackers could have the unintended consequence of turning girls and women away from the field, perpetuating its male dominance.
Still, “hypersexuality doesn’t belong at conferences,” Debra Farber, Co-Founder of Women in Security and Privacy said. When she saw what was going on during Hacker Jeopardy, Farber said she felt “like we took 20 steps back.”
Part of the gender objectification atmosphere is the location. “It’s hard to take Vegas out of Vegas,” one male attendee said. But a big part of it is the longstanding tolerance of conference organizers, despite DEFCON’s established Code of Conduct, which clearly states the conference wants “a safe and productive environment for everyone” and “insulting or harassing other participants is unacceptable.” It doesn’t help that many of the male attendees see no problem with what happened at Hacker Jeopardy.
No one forcibly dragged you to attend Hacker Jeopardy, it's never been PG, I hope it never will be… https://t.co/dEiRrUoo9w
— William Knowles (@c4i) August 6, 2016
One solution to this problem is to create female-oriented tracks at DEFCON, such as Tiaracon, and at other hacking and cybersecurity venues too. But that raises the question of whether “women-oriented” educational sessions perpetuate the notion of gender inequality or worse create networking opportunities where men feel uncomfortable, as was widely rumored to be the case among some of the attendees.
“Cybersecurity should be gender neutral, but there has to be a support system [for women] in place,” Tracy Maleeff of Sherpa Intelligence said. “We invite the women out but don’t keep the men away,” Steffens said regarding her own networking events. Even so given the problems women hackers face, “I don’t think it’s wrong to have a women-only event,” she added.